Local businesses will often want to rank for local-intent keywords such as “[service] + [near me]” or “[service] + [city]” in order to capture potential customers searching for products or services in the specific locale in which they offer them. However, not all businesses operate locally. Many websites do not represent a location-based business, but instead target audiences on a national or even an international level. Be on the lookout for more on the topic of local, national, and international SEO in Chapter 4!
Video advertising - This type of advertising in terms of digital/online means are advertisements that play on online videos e.g. YouTube videos. This type of marketing has seen an increase in popularity over time.[51] Online Video Advertising usually consists of three types: Pre-Roll advertisements which play before the video is watched, Mid-Roll advertisements which play during the video, or Post-Roll advertisements which play after the video is watched.[52] Post-roll advertisements were shown to have better brand recognition in relation to the other types, where-as "ad-context congruity/incongruity plays an important role in reinforcing ad memorability".[51] Due to selective attention from viewers, there is the likelihood that the message may not be received.[53] The main advantage of video advertising is that it disrupts the viewing experience of the video and therefore there is a difficulty in attempting to avoid them. How a consumer interacts with online video advertising can come down to three stages: Pre attention, attention, and behavioural decision.[54] These online advertisements give the brand/business options and choices. These consist of length, position, adjacent video content which all directly affect the effectiveness of the produced advertisement time,[51] therefore manipulating these variables will yield different results. Length of the advertisement has shown to affect memorability where-as longer duration resulted in increased brand recognition.[51] This type of advertising, due to its nature of interruption of the viewer, it is likely that the consumer may feel as if their experience is being interrupted or invaded, creating negative perception of the brand.[51] These advertisements are also available to be shared by the viewers, adding to the attractiveness of this platform. Sharing these videos can be equated to the online version of word by mouth marketing, extending number of people reached.[55] Sharing videos creates six different outcomes: these being "pleasure, affection, inclusion, escape, relaxation, and control".[51] As well, videos that have entertainment value are more likely to be shared, yet pleasure is the strongest motivator to pass videos on. Creating a ‘viral’ trend from mass amount of a brands advertisement can maximize the outcome of an online video advert whether it be positive or a negative outcome.

Messages — 2017 was the year of introducing chatbots to businesses. Facebook is really trying to be a pioneer in this and so far they are succeeding. This type of ad encourages people to send messages to your business. With the Facebook Messenger SDK, you are able to create a bot which will show users content based on what they have messaged you. For example, you can give them some kind of discount, show them a carousel of products, play them a video etc. If you don’t have a chatbot you will have to chat with the user yourself. This has proven to be a very profitable Ad type for many advertisers.
TalkWalker Alerts - This is a free alerts tool to help you find versatile opportunities for link building quite easily - for instance if you set up alerts for your brand name or keyword, you’re going to get a list of posts which mention your brand and/or keywords. You’d be surprised at how often people mention you but don’t link to you! After you're done identifying a list of these posts, reach out to the authors and request that they link back to you. You can track mentions on Twitter, blogs, and discussions. 
Content marketing is essentially a strategic approach that focuses on creating and delivering relevant content with the singular aim of adding value and attracting customers. It requires appropriate research, the inclusion of keywords, the addition of links, and generation of consistent content. If your content is thorough, useful, and entertaining, it can easily sway the target audience in your favour!
While you may choose any of the digital marketing certifications from reputed organisations, this course is ideally meant for those who want to learn from the practical experience of practitioners over the years. A dedicated learning path has been created which includes courses around SEO, Google Analytics, Content Marketing, Lead Generation, Growth Hacking and much more. Being available on LinkedIn Learning (Lynda.com) means that the entire content is free to consume for 1 month, practically making the course free for you. You may want to check out some of the best Social Media Courses online.

Messages — 2017 was the year of introducing chatbots to businesses. Facebook is really trying to be a pioneer in this and so far they are succeeding. This type of ad encourages people to send messages to your business. With the Facebook Messenger SDK, you are able to create a bot which will show users content based on what they have messaged you. For example, you can give them some kind of discount, show them a carousel of products, play them a video etc. If you don’t have a chatbot you will have to chat with the user yourself. This has proven to be a very profitable Ad type for many advertisers.

If questions like ‘how to learn digital marketing’ have been bothering you, data mining can be your saviour. Digital marketing utilizes data mining to discover measurable patterns in customer feedback and behaviour. This equips businesses to make their websites more relevant to contemporary needs while preparing them to rank higher in search engine result pages. 


Collaborative Environment: A collaborative environment can be set up between the organization, the technology service provider, and the digital agencies to optimize effort, resource sharing, reusability and communications.[38] Additionally, organizations are inviting their customers to help them better understand how to service them. This source of data is called User Generated Content. Much of this is acquired via company websites where the organization invites people to share ideas that are then evaluated by other users of the site. The most popular ideas are evaluated and implemented in some form. Using this method of acquiring data and developing new products can foster the organizations relationship with their customer as well as spawn ideas that would otherwise be overlooked. UGC is low-cost advertising as it is directly from the consumers and can save advertising costs for the organisation.
We’re going to slightly modify their approach, though. The Bullseye Framework is an excellent tool for finding certain channels to try for your product, but it’s also useful for running experiments within a certain channel. For now, you want to stay focused on your stack, so you can use the Bullseye Framework to run certain experiments within those skills.
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