India-Israel relationship is plateauing. Can PM Modi’ visit change this?
Starting tomorrow, July 4, Prime Minister Modi will begin the first visit of an Indian prime minister in Israel. Although the commentary is eloquent about the relationship, it is important for us to have a reality check and we understand the micro-dynamics of marriage.
There are three main components of India’s cooperation with Israel that are supposed to have the potential to “revolutionize” the relationship – water, agriculture and defense.
Given India’s growing water problems and dire predictions of further precipitation decline in the coming decades, India-Israel water cooperation is obviously critical. Israel has gone from a state of water shortage with a large excess of water.
This allowed to see with the pioneers of desalination techniques. Okay, then – why India can not benefit from this? For several reasons. Firstly, desalination plants have the massive terrestrial footprint and bring in huge amounts of energy.
Given the number of problems affecting the acquisition of industrial land in India, there are limits to the amount of land that can be requisitioned for the construction of coastal desalination plants. In addition, the question remains how much energy the energy sector has already discovered that India can save for a desalination plant infrastructure to supplement the water needs of 1.3 billion Indians.
In other words, the water price structure in India is profoundly flawed, with 125 million liters wasted every day, whether for theft, poor piping, poor irrigation practices, high-intensity cropping crops, such as Sugarcane or increasingly informal ecological disaster of eucalyptus.
Then there is the issue of discharging desalination plants – dumping high levels of salt into the oceans – creating chaos in a coastal ecosystem that has been devastated by uncontrolled coastal fishing.
In fact, given the high cost, so that desalination has a realistic sense of India, India will have to solve a number of problems with political burden, including land, electricity, fishing and agriculture, something that no Government can afford to make it realistic.
The second area of cooperation that the future is bright is Israel’s pioneering use of new irrigation techniques and agriculture that drastically reduces water consumption while increasing yield. The duplication of this model in India has several problems again a policy insoluble in nature.
First, the fact that while Israeli drip irrigators are not very expensive, they are not exactly cheap. They are designed for collective farming in Israeli kibbouté style, where purchasing power is significantly higher and crops for commercial purposes.
The land of India are widely used for cultivating land too small subsistence to justify the investment in these drip irrigators. Although they were miraculously to consolidate agriculture in the collective, the problem remains the transport infrastructure; Much of Indian cultures are reflected in transit due to the poor infrastructure of the farm to commercialization (67 million tons per year, the last digit).
Crops are equally important, as they not only offer high prices and like onion culture last year, these staple crops face the classic dilemma of economic poverty amidst plenty.
A particularly ruthless attempt to grow crops of higher added value, such as artichokes and asparagus in Jharkhand, by well-intentioned but clearly German nailed, did not come to anything, since the products can not be shipped in time for any market. Next, we face the challenge of inter-state water treaties.